Terms & Conditions
A. Definitions and Application
1 In these conditions the following words shall have the following meanings:
“Company” Freight Traders Limited, trading under these conditions and shall include, unless otherwise stated, its servants, agents and sub-contractors.
“Consignee” the Person to whom the goods are consigned.
“Customer” any Person at whose request or on whose behalf the Company undertakes any business or provides advice, information or Services
“Dangerous Goods” includes any Goods which are or may become dangerous either to the Goods themselves (i.e. of a damaging or destructive nature) or to human life or the safety of any Transport Unit utilized by the Company in order to fulfil its obligations to the Customer.
“Goods” the cargo to which any business under these conditions relates
“Hague Rules” means the International Convention for the Unification of certain rules relating to Bills of Lading signed at Brussels on 25th August 1924
“Instructions” means a statement of the Customers specific requirements.
“Person” natural person(s) or any body or bodies corporate.
“SDR” are Special Drawing Rights as defined by the International Monetary Fund.
“Principal” meaning the Company performs any carriage, handling or storage of Goods but only to the extent that the carriage, handling or storage is performed by the Company itself or its servants and the Goods are in the actual custody and control of the Company, or to the extent that the Company expressly agrees in writing to act as a principal, or to the extent that the Company is held by a court of law to have acted as principal.
“Services" means the whole of the Services provided by the Company to the Customer and all matters necessarily related to the provision of the Services or incidental to the provision of the Services.
“Transport Unit” packing case, pallets, container, trailer, tanker, or any other device used whatsoever for and in connection with the carriage of Goods by land, sea or air.
“Owner” the Owner of the Goods or Transport Unit and any other Person who is or may become interested in them
“Warsaw Convention" means the Convention for the Unification of Certain Rules Relating to International Carriage by Air dated 12 October 1929 as amended
2 (A) Subject to sub-paragraph (B) below, all and any activities of the Company in the course of business, whether gratuitous or not, are undertaken subject to these conditions.
2 (B) If any legislation, to include regulations and directives, is compulsorily applicable to any business undertaken, these conditions shall, as regards such business, be read as subject to such legislation, and nothing in these conditions shall be construed as a surrender by the Company of any of its rights or immunities or as an increase of any of its responsibilities or liabilities under such legislation, and if any part of these conditions be repugnant to such legislation to any extent, such part shall as regards such business be overridden to that extent and no further.
3 The Customer warrants that he is either the Owner, or the authorised agent of the Owner and, also, that he is accepting these conditions not only for himself, but also as agent for and on behalf of the Owner.
4 Where a document bearing a title of or including “bill of lading” (whether or not negotiable), or “waybill” is issued by or on behalf of the Company and provides that the Company contracts as carrier, the provisions set out in such document shall be paramount in so far as such provisions are inconsistent with these terms and conditions.
5 Any variation, cancellation or waiver of these terms and conditions (or any of them) must be in writing signed by an officer of the Company. Notice is hereby given that no other person has or will be given any authority whatsoever to agree to any variation, cancellation or waiver of these terms and conditions.
6 The Company acts as an agent and never as a principal when providing services in respect of or relating to customs requirements, taxes, insurance, licenses, consular documents, certificates of origin, inspection, certificates and other similar services.
7 The Company is not a common carrier and accepts no liability as such. The Company reserves the right to accept or refuse to perform any services in relation to the Goods at its discretion.
B. The Company
8 (A) Subject to clauses 16 and 17 below, the Company shall be entitled to procure any or all of the services as an agent, or, to provide those services as a Principal.
8 (B) The Company reserves to itself full liberty as to the means, route and procedure to be followed in the performance of any Service provided in the course of business undertaken subject to these conditions.
9 When the Company contracts as a Principal for any Services, it shall have full liberty to perform such Services itself, or, to subcontract on any terms whatsoever, the whole or any part of such Services.
10 (A) When the Company acts as an agent on behalf of the Customer, the Company shall be entitled, and the Customer hereby expressly authorises the Company, to enter into all and any contracts on behalf of the Customer as may be necessary or desirable to fulfil the Customer’s instructions, and whether such contracts are subject to the trading conditions of the parties with whom such contracts are made, or otherwise.
12 (A) Subject to sub-clause (B) below, the Company:
(i) has a general lien on all Goods and documents relating to Goods in its possession, custody or control for all sums due at any time to the Company from the Customer and/or Owner on any account whatsoever, whether relating to Goods belonging to, or Services provided by or on behalf of the Company to the Customer or Owner. Storage charges shall continue to accrue on any Goods detained under lien;
(ii) shall be entitled, on at least  days’ notice in writing to the Customer, to sell or dispose of or deal with such Goods or documents as agent for, and at the expense of, the Customer and apply the proceeds in or towards the payment of such sums;
(iii) shall, upon accounting to the Customer for any balance remaining after payment of any sum due to the Company, and for the cost of sale and/or disposal and/or dealing, be discharged of any liability whatsoever in respect of the Goods or documents.
12 (B) When the Goods are liable to perish or deteriorate, the Company's right to sell or dispose of or deal with the Goods shall arise immediately upon any sum becoming due to the Company, subject only to the Company taking reasonable steps to bring to the Customer's attention its intention to sell or dispose of the Goods before doing so.
13 The Company shall be entitled to retain and be paid all brokerages, commissions, allowances and other remunerations customarily retained by, or paid to, freight forwarders.
14 (A) Should the Customer, Consignee or Owner of the Goods fail to take delivery at the appointed time and place when and where the Company is entitled to deliver, the Company shall be entitled to store the Goods, or any part thereof, at the sole risk of the Customer or Consignee or Owner, whereupon the Company’s liability in respect of the Goods, or that part thereof, stored as aforesaid, shall wholly cease. The Company’s liability, if any, in relation to such storage, shall be governed by these conditions. All costs incurred by the Company as a result of the failure to take delivery shall be deemed as freight earned, and such costs shall, upon demand, be paid by the Customer.
15 (B) The Company shall be entitled at the expense of the Customer to dispose of or deal with (by sale or otherwise as may be reasonable in all circumstances):-
(i) after at least  days’ notice in writing to the Customer, or (where the Customer cannot be traced and reasonable efforts have been made to contact any parties who may reasonably be supposed by the Company to have any interest in the Goods) without notice, any Goods which have been held by the Company for  days and which cannot be delivered as instructed; and
(ii) without prior notice, any Goods which have perished, deteriorated, or altered, or are in immediate prospect of doing so in a manner which has caused or may reasonably be expected to cause loss or damage to the Company, or third parties, or to contravene any applicable laws or regulations.
16 (A) No insurance will be effected except upon express instructions given in writing by the Customer and accepted in writing by the Company, and all insurances effected by the Company are subject to the usual exceptions and conditions of the policies of the insurers or underwriters taking the risk. Unless otherwise agreed in writing, the Company shall not be under any obligation to effect a separate insurance on the goods, but may declare it on any open or general policy held by the Company.
16 (B) Insofar as the Company agrees to effect insurance, the Company acts solely as agent for the Customer, and the limits of liability under clause  of these conditions shall not apply to the Company’s obligations under clause 16.
17 (A) Except under special arrangements previously made in writing by an officer of the Company so authorised, or made pursuant to or under the terms of a printed document signed by the Company, any instructions relating to the delivery or release of the Goods in specified circumstances (such as, but not limited to, against payment or against surrender of a particular document) are accepted by the Company, where the Company has to engage third parties to effect compliance with the instructions, only as agents for the Customer.
17 (B) Despite the acceptance by the Company of instructions from the Customer to collect freight, duties, charges, dues, or other expenses from the Consignee, or any other Person, on receipt of evidence of proper demand by the Company, and, in the absence of evidence of payment (for whatever reason) by such Consignee, or other Person, the Customer shall remain responsible for such freight, duties, charges, dues, or other expenses.
17 (C) The Company shall not be under any liability in respect of such arrangements as are referred to under sub-clause (A) and (B) hereof save where such arrangements are made in writing, and in any event, the Company’s liability in respect of the performance of, or arranging the performance of, such instructions shall not exceed the limits set out in clause  of these conditions.
18 Advice and information, in whatever form it may be given, is provided by the Company for the Customer only. The Customer shall indemnify the Company against all loss and damage suffered as a consequence of passing such advice or information on to any third party.
19 Without prior agreement in writing by an officer of the Company so authorised, the Company will not accept or deal with Goods that require special handling regarding carriage, handling, or security whether owing to their thief attractive nature or otherwise including, but not limited to bullion, coin, precious stones, jewellery, valuables, antiques, pictures, human remains, livestock, pets, plants. Should any Customer nevertheless deliver any such goods to the Company, or cause the Company to handle or deal with any such goods, otherwise than under such prior agreement, the Company shall have no liability whatsoever for or in connection with the goods, howsoever arising.
20 Except pursuant to instructions previously received in writing and accepted in writing by the Company, the Company will not accept or deal with Dangerous Goods, nor with Goods likely to harbour or encourage vermin or other pests, nor with Goods liable to taint or affect other Goods. If such Goods are accepted pursuant to a special arrangement, but, thereafter, and in the opinion of the Company, constitute a risk to other goods, property, life or health, the Company shall, where reasonably practicable, contact the Customer in order to require him to remove or otherwise deal with the goods, but reserves the right, in any event, to do so at the expense of the Customer.
21 Where there is a choice of rates according to the extent or degree of the liability assumed by the Company and/or third parties, no declaration of value will be made and/or treated as having been made except under special arrangements previously made in writing by an officer of the Company so authorised as referred to in clause [37(D)].
22 (A) The Company shall be entitled but under no obligation, to depart from the Customer’s instructions in any respect if in the opinion of the Company there is good reason to do so in the Customer’s interest and it shall not thereby incur any additional liability.
22 (B) The Company may at any time comply with the orders or recommendations given by any Authority. The responsibility and liability of the Company in respect of the Goods shall cease on the delivery or other disposition of the Goods in accordance with such orders or recommendations.
22 (C) The Company shall be entitled (but under no obligation) at any time to inspect the Goods and for this purpose to open or remove any Transport Units.
22 (D) If at any time the Company reasonably considers that carriage of the Goods should not be undertaken or continued or only continued after effecting measures considered necessary by the Company or by incurring additional risk or expense, the Company shall be entitled to (i) abandon the carriage of the Goods or to effect such measures and incur such additional expenses as may be necessary in order to enable the carriage to be effected or further effected; and (ii) be reimbursed by the Customer for the cost of all such measures and additional expense incurred.
23 If at any time the performance of the Company’s obligations, in the opinion of the Company or any person whose services the company makes use of, is or is likely to be affected by any hindrance, risk, delay, difficulty or disadvantage whatsoever and which cannot be avoided by reasonable endeavours by the Company or such other person, the Company may, on giving notice in writing to the Customer or Owner or without notice where it is not reasonably possible to give such notice, treat the performance of its obligations as terminated and place the Goods or any part of them at the Customer or Owner’s disposal at any place which the Company may deem safe and convenient, whereupon the responsibility of the Company in respect of the Goods shall cease immediately and absolutely. The Customer shall be responsible for any additional costs of carriage to and delivery and storage at such place and all other expenses incurred by the Company.
24 If delivery of the Goods or any part thereof is not taken by the Customer or Owner at the time and place when and where the Company, or any person whose services the Company makes use of, is entitled to call upon the Customer or Owner to take delivery thereof, the Company or such other person shall be entitled to store the Goods in the open or under cover at the sole risk and expense of the Customer.